Brigsteer Daffodils


After dragging ourselves away from the excitement of carpet shopping, we took the kids to Brigsteer Woods. A walk in the woods is always a big hit with them – almost immediately they found a fallen tree trunk laying over a dip which provided an opportunity for feats of daring, balance and agility. The strange little woven-stick buildings I walked past on my last visit were also popular.

From an adult perspective though, the most striking thing was the ubiquity of great drifts of daffodils. Apparently, once upon a time this was a common sight all across Britain, and the reasons that such displays are much less common now are not fully understood.

The whole wood is access area and is criss-crossed with paths. We found a route which took us down, down, down to the right-of-way which runs along the bottom edge of the wood and then another track which brought us back up the hill, eventually back to the car. (If you plan to make a visit, be warned that the right-of-way doesn’t pass through the best areas for daffodils.)

Chiff-chaffs were singing in the trees overhead. Underfoot we found more violets…

This one has the nectar-guide lines. The leaves were tiny and not much use to me for identification purposes. We couldn’t detect a scent. I think that I found the stipules though…

…which have hair-like teeth. The spur was darker than the petals. I think that this is early dog violet.

Although daffodils provide the principle entertainment at the moment, it was clear that there will be a succession. Some area were completely colonised by ramsons….

And it looked to me as though there will be a good display of bluebells too. We even found a solitary scout leading the way….

There were wood anemones and primroses too.  Everything was moss-covered, even the smallest saplings were wearing shaggy socks….

In the shade of a mossy fallen tree we found some large scarlet elf-cup…

Down by the path we also had a ‘Lord of the Flies’ moment when we found a skull mounted on the branch of a small tree….

B was delighted….

…and has brought the skull home with him to add to his bone collection. Judging by the size and the teeth, which all looked like molars, I’m guessing that this is a sheep skull, although I suppose that it could be a roe deer.

Brigsteer Daffodils

Mallards and Toads?

Around this time last year, we had a cracking walk with friends, one of the highlights of which was a mass of frogs in the pond-dipping area at Leighton Moss. On our way out to look at carpets on Saturday we stopped briefly at Leighton Moss to see whether a similar display might be on offer this year.

There was lots of frogspawn….

…but at first we could see no other amphibian activity. In fact, we were about to head back to the car when a movement caught my eye and I spotted at first one frog, then three of four and eventually I think about thirty. They were across the far side of the pool and so not as easy to photograph as last year.

Since then I’ve begun to wonder – are these frogs at all? Given that there was already a substantial amount of frogspawn in the water, and that the pictures I took last year clearly show mottled brown markings and a rough, ‘warty’ skin I think that these might be toads. Probably, for next year, we need to visit a little earlier to see frogs mating. (For fantastic pictures and a very informative post about toads see Cabinet of Curiosities.)

So, we didn’t get so close to the toads (or frogs) but we did have a friendly chat with some very tame mallards in the car park.

Mallards and Toads?

Milnthorpe and the Bela

This is the mill, as it looks today…

…and again seen from downstream – you can see where the water diverted to drive the wheel flows out under the building…

John Dobson Ltd. still seem to be a going concern.

John Dobson (Milnthorpe) Ltd. are the largest producer of hair combs (in volume terms) in the U.K.

from their website

Comforting to know that somebody still makes combs (or indeed anything) in the UK.

If they began to make combs here in 1866, but were established in 1704, where were they based in the interim? Langdale?

A heron was fishing in the river just by the mill. I saw a pair of goosanders further downstream, but had to content myself with a photo of a tufty blue-tit…

On the bank of the Bela, I found another early spring flower: butterbur. We saw them in Aldingham too, a few weeks back, but the photos didn’t turn out too well.

This was another excursion which took advantage of an opportunity of a break in a Dad’s taxi service evening. After a short section along the river, it took in a field path and then came back through the town, finishing through Police Square (past the Cicerone Press office, perhaps of interest to aficionados of walking guides.)

A hedge bottom violet. A much darker colour than the ones I photographed in Eaves Wood. These also had the strong ‘nectar-guide’ lines (but in the failing light I didn’t get a particularly good photo of the inside of the flower.)

Milnthorpe and the Bela

Spring Flowers


In the midst of a week of glorious weather, frustratingly spent, much of it, stuck indoors at work, a small window presented itself, an opportunity for a short local walk. Heading up towards Eaves Wood I was pleased to see white violets flowering.

And nearby, large and cheerful clumps of these scilla. I only know that these are scilla after a helpful comment in reply to a previous post back in the early days of this blog.

After another post with not one but several appeals for assistance in identifying plants, Sheila recommended ‘The Wild Flower Key’ which I eventually got around to adding to my growing natural history library. Now that the wild flower season is getting into full swing I’m keen to put my new book to the test. I knew that there are several different violets – would the keys enable me to distinguish between them?


I only looked at the relevant pages after I got back from my walk – had I consulted it before hand I would have known to look out for 4 key features:

  1. whether runners (stolons or rhizomes) present or not
  2. whether lf-stalk has hairs or not and if hairs are adpressed to lf-stalk or spreading
  3. stipule-teeth hair-like or triangular
  4. sepals blunt or pointed

The book uses a vocabulary with which I am not entirely familiar and to add to the confusion some words are always abbreviated. (There is a full glossary however!)


In fact, I’m not sure about any of the first three points – but it seems to me that the sepals are blunt. What’s more – the book has helpful diagrams and more information. So – the flowers are white which narrows the options, the flower stalks are leafless……..I think that these are sweet violets, our only scented variety. Did they smell sweet – hmm…….didn’t think to check that! Something to remember for next time.

One note of caution however – apparently violets are prone to hybridisation and identification can therefore be difficult. Oh.

Still – I think I shall enjoy this kind of detective work. I’ve been savouring a book of short essays about nature and life in the country during World War II, ‘Highland Pack’ by Neil Gunn.

Sometimes I am astonished at the amount of pleasure or delight which in a forgetful mood one passes by on the other side.

One can cultivate surprise, just as one can cultivate onions. Let there be nothing mysterious about this. Every sense can be trained. Appreciation can be deepened. The first magical surprise at sight of a lovely thing need not be the last nor the profoundest.

No difficulties identifying this…

…lesser celandine. There’s a patch of earth beneath some trees on the street near work which is completely covered with them, and this week when I passed them they were all stretching wide open, every flower stem perfectly upright, straining sunwards like eager nestlings striving for a tasty worm. Celandines close when they are not in the sun (why?), and along my route, mostly in shade, they were mostly closed.

But not all….

A little further up the hill there are more violets, not white but still relatively pale.

The strong purple veins or nectar-guides which many violets have are absent. More sweet violets? Sometimes I may have to take the book out with me.

In the woods, both on the National Trust property and also over on the north side of the woods, a great deal of coppicing has been carried out and I think that this might at least in part in order to encourage the violets – violets are an important food-source for fritillary butterflies which can be found in this area.


At Arnside Tower I had intended to turn right and head into Middlebarrow wood. The first ever post on this blog recounted a similar walk:

I took a tour around Eaves Wood, looking for a green flower that I thought I remembered finding here at this time of year before. But perhaps not this early, because I didn’t find it today. This is, in part, the reason for the Blog because hopefully next year I will have a record of when and where to look through the course of the year.

The flower I was looking for was green hellebore and in January I was being extremely optimistic, or perhaps I should say wholly unrealistic. Writing the blog has helped a great deal in terms of knowing when and where to spot certain phenomena. Not necessarily because I look back, although I do that sometimes, but because taking and sorting the photos and writing-up my exploits seems to help me to remember. One thing I remember is that near Far Arnside I have seen daffodils and green hellebore flowering together. I’ve also posted a photo on the blog of green hellebore in Middlebarrow woods from the end of March. So I was hoping to head into Middlebarrow Wood and find the green hellebore again. But I’d spent so much time grovelling around photographing violets that I didn’t really feel that I had enough time left to do that. (Somebody needed to cook a family tea and that somebody was me.)

I turned right instead, taking a more direct route which skirts Holgates Caravan Park. I kept scanning the bases of the hedgerows on either side of the track hoping that the hellebore might grow here too…and lo and behold….

In fact in the end I saw quite a lot of plants, some of them still catching the sun, but frustratingly on the wrong side of a barbed wire fence for me to get sufficiently close to take good macro photographs.

Next time ,hopefully I will see them in sunnier circumstances and get some sharper close-ups.

Another area in which I am hoping to fail better is in catching some photos of magpies whilst I’m out and about. They are very common birds in our vicinity, but most elusive when a camera is pointed in their direction.

Spring Flowers

The Three Peaks

Not Snowdon, Scafell and Ben Nevis – a bit more local than that. Not Pen-y-ghent, Ingleborough and Whernside either, although they are reasonably local. In fact, much much closer to home than that.

This was our three peaks – Castlebarrow, Arnside Knot and Warton Crag. The local Scout troop (is that the correct collective noun for Scouts?) were taking it on, and we decided to follow suit. We couldn’t start with the Scouts, because R, the local Tower Captain, had some serious bell-ringing to do before we could begin, but we followed in their wake.

Friday had been a glorious day, cloudless and bright. Saturday was almost as fine. Naturally, Sunday, the day we had chosen for our walk, was dreich.

Dreich: (Old Scots origin)

A combination of dull, overcast, drizzly, cold, misty and miserable weather. At least 4 of the above adjectives must apply before the weather is truly dreich.

from The Urban Dictionary

All of the adjectives applied in full effect. The kids were not deterred however and we made it to the Pepper Pot (on Castlebarrow) in good spirits.


We were still smiling when we found the trig pillar on Arnside Knot – in the cloud at 159m above sea level – how’s that for dreich?

But as we left the top, B’s little hand crept into mine and he intimated that he might be satisfied with two peaks. We had to pass back through Silverdale anyway so it was easy to arrange a rendezvous with TBH. Poor A now found herself caught in the horns of a dilemma – she really wanted to continue – I think that she fancied the bragging rights at school on Monday morning, but she began to worry that the walk might be too far for her or that she might get cold and tired like her brother.

Eventually she chose discretion and TBH took all of the kids leaving only R and myself to continue on to Warton Crag. On the way we had to steel ourselves to resist the temptations of the Silverdale Hotel (know locally as ‘The Lower House’) and of generous invites to join some friends we bumped into for lunch at the Wolf House gallery. If we’d once got warm and dry so close to home we might never have continued to our soggy lunch stop on Warton Crag….

…and the excellent views from there….

None the less, I enjoyed getting out. This would be a very fine walk on a better day. It may be just a little easier than the other Three Peaks walks. My pedometer gives the distance as 18.84km which probably isn’t too far off and I suppose that there might be about 400m of up and down, or there abouts.

The Three Peaks

The Moon Under Water

Over the course of several months I have noticed that Thursday lunch times have been consistently bright and sunny – and I’ve bored numerous taxi drivers with that observation as they have ferried me to Carnforth. This Thursday it was overcast rather disappointingly. But by the time I was operating Dad’s taxi service in the evening it had brightened up.

Stuck in Milnthorpe with a little time to kill I opted for a short stroll by the Bela.

The sky was fantastic.

Every time I visit this spot I hear splashes and see ripples spreading across the surface and think that I might spot fish in the shallow water, and indeed I have seen fish here, but I noticed on this occasion that at least some of the splashes were caused not by fish but by large bubbles of gas (presumably methane?) escaping from the mud on the river bed.

The moon was large and low in the sky and was reflected in the river – unfortunately none of my photos caught the lovely effect of the moon segmented and distorted by the moving water to good effect. It put me in mind of George Orwell’s fictional perfect pub ‘The Moon Under Water’. His essay about that haven finished:

And if anyone knows of a pub that has draught stout, open fires, cheap meals, a garden, motherly barmaids and no radio, I should be glad to hear of it, even though its name were something as prosaic as the Red Lion or the Railway Arms.

Amen to that.

The Moon Under Water

The Creative Use of Odd Moments

Only short walks to report on of late. Train station commutes, with the regular accompaniment of the sound of drumming woodpeckers. One afternoon last week, I took a little excursion to Brigsteer Woods on the other side of the estuary. When I left the house it was raining, on the way it began to clear and there was briefly a rainbow. When I parked the car at the edge of the wood the sun was shining. Where I entered the woods there were a number of odd structures (see above).

The principal reason for heading this way was because this is probably the best daffodil wood that I know. Sadly, although there were no end of daffs on display, the flowers weren’t open.

The sky was looking pretty ominous and by the time I finally found some open flowers I was being pelted with hail stones.


 Hail stones on moss.

Leven’s Hall

Later that same day, with the light fading, I was in the Milnthorpe area, acting as Dad’s taxi. I drove up to Leven’s Bridge and had a short walk along the Kent.

The Creative Use of Odd Moments

Luib Weekend – Beinn Chabhair

Lochan Beinn Chabhair

Sometimes you wait ages for a bus and then three  arrive in quick succession. This weekend it was  a bit like that for me with new Munros. Nothing in years and then two in a weekend. Sunday’s target was Beinn Chabhair, which might mean hill of the hawk according to Cameron McNeish’s Munros book. A steep climb on a good path alongside the falls of Beinglas Burn brought us to a boggy plateau and more gentle climbing to Lochan Beinn Chabhair. This was a wild and atmospheric spot which my photo doesn’t do justice to at all. I didn’t climb high enough to get a decent vantage point. Still, Robin, who did, paid for his artistic endeavour when a singularly green section of hillside revealed itself to be more liquid than most and he sank to his oxters. (Well – actually not so deep, I just like the word oxters.) 

We skirted around the lochan and then picked our way through the crags so that we could traverse the ridge from East to West, only finding a faint path as we neared the summit, but finding a good path from that point on. Unlike the day before, the cloud offered no promise of respite. There were flakes of snow in the air and everything was rimed with ice.

The obligatory summit photo OR ‘Whatever Happened to the Bash Street Kids?’


On the way up past the burn I had a close encounter with a black feral goat with very impressive horns, but wasn’t quick enough retrieving my camera from my sack. Later I also spotted a solitary ptarmigan.

I’ve had another peek at my Munros map since yesterdays post and realised that the total I gave is (not particularly surprisingly) wrong. I didn’t count the Monadhliath hills, because they aren’t ticked off on the map, but I definitely did them, on an epic day which I would hardly forget, and I’m afraid that I have absolutely no intention of doing them again. And Ben Cruachan – didn’t I do that once too? Oh well – not to worry. I think that I can safely say that I’ve done at least 150 Munros and possibly more. Meanwhile Robin is now, without doubt on 3 and will probably finish before me, even if that is in the 24th Century.

Luib Weekend – Beinn Chabhair

Luib Weekend – Stuchd an Lochain


 Loch an Daimh

Our annual weekend get together in the Highlands. For several years now we have been meeting in Crianlarich for this event, but we decided that it was time to move on, time to ring the changes, go for a change of scene. So this year we booked Suie Lodge in Luib. (Just down the valley from Crianlarich – nothing too radical then.) On Saturday morning we drove down Glen Lochay, past road signs warning that this was a no-through route, then turned North on what my (old) map shows as a track, but which newer maps apparently show as a (yellow) minor road. In the event it was metalled, but in places more pot-holes than road and probably not to be recommended. On the far side of the pass, in Glen Lyon, we left a car at Pubil and continued round to park below the dam of Loch an Daimh. This gave us a head-start on our climb, beginning at around 400m, and with a linear route in mind. Looking at the map I had liked the idea of tackling the ridge of Creag an Fheadain, but that would have necessitated following the shore of the loch for perhaps a couple of kilometres, and when we found a well-used path taking a more direct line up towards the top of that ridge at 887m it seemed sensible to follow it.

From that top we followed the rim of Coire an Duich, the cloud drifting in and out giving some views and often seeming to be about to lift.


Whilst the others stuck with the path up the Munro top of Sron Chona Choirein, Geordie Munro and I continued to follow the edge of the corrie. A very fine corrie it looked too and it was quite tempting to carry-on round and down via the eastern ridge.

But the summit called and we joined the others and followed the main ridge, stopping to admire the frozen Lochan nan Cat when the cloud allowed us a view.

Partial views were to be the order of the day.

But it was great to be out. Stuchd an Lochain (960m) was my first new Munro for…well I’m not sure how long for, but for a very long time. I’ve just done a quick count on my Munro’s map and it seems to be number 145 for me – although that takes no account of my dodgy record keeping and any messing around the SMC have done with the list in the last 10 years (I stopped paying attention). What I do know is that for my friend Robin it was number 2 after Meall nan Tarmachan last year. At this rate he may finish sometime in the 24th Century!

From the Meall an Odhar ridge we had tantalising glimpses of the neighbouring Corbett Creag nan Nathrach and not content with our Munro fix, we crossed some peat-hagged saddle and then climbed steadily to its summit.


On the top we were tempted to loiter by the promise of blue sky overhead and by occasional views back down to Loch an Diamh. There was some debate about potential descent routes but eventually we took a direct route back to Glen Lyon…

…and Pubil. Whilst the faster walkers had taken the car to retrieve our other vehicles the tail-end Charlies followed down the valley where we discovered a memorial to Glen Lyon born explorer of the Yukon, Robert Campbell.

Luib Weekend – Stuchd an Lochain

Staveley: Eating Cake and Skimming Stones

My original plan for last Thursday had been to take the kids to Staveley, something I’ve had in mind for a while: it has plenty to offer in the way of things to do to keep both me and the kids happy. In the end, the weather forecast persuaded me that I might be better of heading west, hence the trip to Sea Wood etc. But when Sunday afternoon turned out fine I resurrected the idea. We began with cakes at the artisan bakery More?. I know from previous experience that the bread is delicious. I didn’t have a cake, but did use that as an excuse to try everybody else’s (ha ha) and can report that the muddies (chocolate brownies), pistachio tiffin and lemon meringue tart are all to be recommended. The lemon meringue was a good as my mum’s (well almost) which is high praise indeed.

Next on the agenda was a walk along the river Kent. Regular readers may both have noticed that my progress in exploring the length of the river has rather stalled of late – when time is available I’ve preferred to head for the hills – but hopefully I will have more opportunities to attack the problem piecemeal fashion. This was certainly a lovely walk.

This substantial pond is unnamed on the OS map, and isn’t included in John and Anne Nuttall’s guides to the tarns of Lakeland, perhaps it’s too low to count as a tarn? As you can see the boys were more appreciative of the outcrop of rock beside the water.

The path on the map isn’t along the river bank, but this is obviously a well-loved route and there were actually paths, one of which followed the riverbank. This meant numerous stops to throw stones. A and B are trying to master skimming, but S is happy just to shotput the largest boulders he can find and lift.

We passed a sewage treatment works and then into Beckmickle Ing woods. I came here almost two years ago, from downstream rather than upstream, and once again there is a host of daffodils, but unfortunately they aren’t golden yet. TBH is keen to revisit soon in a effort to catch them at their best.

Just below the woods we crossed the river on a pleasing ramshackle bridge and then turned to head back up the other bank.

S was tiring, but always had the energy to clamber onto any rocks we passed and to inform me that I am, apparently, a dirty rascal.

An afternoon proved woefully inadequate to sample all the delights of the Staveley area. We didn’t get a cup of tea at Wilf’s cafe. Nor did we join the rather lively sounding concert at the Hawkshead brewery. The Burne-Jones window in St. James church was passed over once again.

A walk up Reston Scar will have to wait for another time.

And the kids complained that their visit to Staveley’s top-notch playground wasn’t nearly long enough.

Oh well….we shall have to come again!

Staveley: Eating Cake and Skimming Stones